Specific Performance and Florida Real Estate Contracts: What Is It?

In rising markets like ours, some property prices are going through the roof. For these properties, the value is often higher at the time of closing than it was at the time the contract was signed. As a result, many sellers have been stricken with a terrible case of “seller’s remorse”. The strongest symptoms of “seller’s remorse” are not wanting to close or demanding that the buyer pay more for the property. A real estate lawyer in Florida can help the seller in a case like this. With proper drafting and reviewing of the sales contract, a board-certified attorney can protect the seller against certain legal provisions.

But without legal representation, if a seller does not close following the sales contract, then most contract forms state that the buyer can sue the seller for “specific performance”, which is legalese for asking a court to require that the seller sell the property to the buyer at the price and terms stated in the contract. This is the time where the seller will need valuable legal advice from a board certified attorney.

Because like most legal issues, specific performance is not black and white. In Florida, for a buyer to be entitled to specific performance, the buyer must prove that he or she was “ready, willing and able” to perform under the contract, OR prove that he or she was “excused from such performance.” In other words, the buyer must have all the closing documents signed and have all of the purchase funds (including lender funds) ready ON THE CLOSING DATE. With the help of a real estate attorney in Florida, such legal terms can be simplified, for example in this case, “Ready, willing, and able” is a key legal phrase. Indeed, it is the key legal phrase in specific performance cases. And it can be a tough thing for a buyer to prove.

The 2004 Fourth District Court of Appeals of Florida case of Leverette v. Cochran, 876 So. 2d 2 shows why.

In Leverette, a seller refused to honor a contract to sell a piece of property to a buyer, and the buyer sued the seller for specific performance. The court stated:

“In order for a purchaser to obtain specific performance of a real estate sales contract, they must allege and prove that [they have] either paid the balance [of the purchase price funds], tendered the balance, and [they were] ready, willing and able to pay such balance or [they have] been from excused such performance.”

The court concluded that in that case, the buyer had not paid or tendered the balance of the purchase price funds, nor was the buyer “excused from such performance”.

What does this mean to aspiring real estate attorneys in Florida? As I often state in my lectures, if you represent a buyer, you need to make sure everyone has their act together, including you as a legal representative, the buyer, the lender, the title company, the appraiser, the surveyor, etc. If any of those people don’t do their job in a timely fashion, then the buyer may not be ready to close at 5 p.m. on the closing date, in which case the buyer would not be “ready, willing, and able” to close.

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At Hale Law Services, we have experienced board certified attorneys in Florida that provide expert legal advice in terms of buying and selling of real estate, the formation of a new business, estate planning, and many others.

With over 20 years of experience, you can consult with us about your legal needs and we will strive our best to achieve the desired results. Call us today at 239-931-6767 or write to us at ned@halelawservices.com to learn more about our real estate attorneys in Florida.

By |2022-11-07T06:42:14-05:00May 14th, 2018|Real Estate Law|0 Comments

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